Nanotechnology Makes Solar Power More Affordable

Nanotechnology Makes Solar Power More Affordable
By | Posted January 1, 2009
Posted in: Physical Science Blog
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Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in New York, reported November 3 that they have created a “near perfect” solar panel. The solar panel has a special coating that captures 96.7 percent of the light incident upon it, compared to 67.4 percent for the untreated silicon panels commonly in use today.

The problem of absorption is one of the issues that keeps the electricity output of solar panels low and the cost of solar power high. Solar panels are designed to absorb sunlight at a single angle. This means that either the efficiency of a panel changes over time (as the Sun moves across the sky), or a mechanism has to be installed to make sure the panels are always pointed at the sun. The new coating made of nanorods allows the solar panel to absorb light from any angle.

The nanorods form a multi-layer coating that works like a series of funnels. The top layer of nanorods takes the light hitting the panel at wide angles and bends it to a slightly narrower angle. Successive layers narrow the angle even further, funneling the light so it hits the active region of the panel at a ninety degree angle, eliminating the panel’s need to rotate with the sun.

Aside from using coatings, other scientists have tried to overcome the absorption problem with a design change. One example is a tube-shaped panel instead of a flat panel. Solyndra, a California solar startup, has been working on this technology and has received over $1.2 billion in contracts from various customers.

Another problem with solar is efficiency, the amount of captured light that is converted into energy. Coatings and panel shape do not affect efficiency, but maybe these guys in Idaho will be able to fix that problem. And their new panel works at night by capturing heat in the form of infrared light, which is invisible to humans!
These solar advancements must continue to decrease in price, however. Solar companies are having trouble in a tough economy, and the falling price of oil will continue to make a switch to renewable energy a challenge.

Hopefully Moore’s Law will help us out.

Related on Scienceline:

Tidal power: Another alternative energy source.

Nanomaterials and improving alternative energy technology.

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comments

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    Solar Power, March 6, 2009 at 4:34 am
  2. Increasing the efficiency is very good news. Will this also help decrease the cost of production?

    solarpanelsforsale, January 12, 2010 at 11:28 pm
  3. These days, solar power is the way to go. Aside from it being earth friendly, it can also lessen electric bills.
    Thank you for the great information.

    cristel, May 31, 2010 at 11:35 pm
  4. It’s good information. For now, the solar panels are cheaper and cheaper. It’s not a long time that the solar power will a main flow.

    Stone, June 18, 2010 at 8:22 pm
  5. the information was quite satisfied..the development of nano in every field is amazing.thanks for the information.

    konuri ramya, December 30, 2010 at 9:28 am
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    Emery Canedo, June 17, 2011 at 6:59 pm
  7. nice …

    kirthi, July 16, 2012 at 12:07 pm
  8. Well said, but we all need to realise that adding Solar on their house is an purchase that should improve the long term worth of their residence if / when they decide to sell. With the environment the way it is going we cannot underestimate any product or service that offers totally free power at no cost to both the client and more significantly the environment!

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  10. photovoltaic system

    solar energy in pakistan, November 10, 2013 at 1:54 am
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